Constitution Day

Constitution Day

Author: – Ms Vallabhi Rastogi

After a series of historic events that were full of political uproar, riots, casualties, social campaigns and national movements, the British ceded control of India making it independent. Subsequent to gaining independence from the British Dominion, a legislative body known as the ‘Constituent Assembly’ was set up to draft a set of rules that would form the ‘grundnorm’ of the Indian legal system. This Assembly officially adopted the Constitution of India on the 26th of November, 1949; however, it was enforced in January 1950. Therefore, to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution and encourage its principles and ideals among the citizens, the Government of India in 2015 directed that every year 26th November would be celebrated as ‘Constitution Day’ (Samvidhan Diwas) along with National Law Day. It is because of the Constituent Assembly’s efforts that this country has a Constitution which declares India as a “Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic” and ensures to all its citizens “justice, social, economic and cultural; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, equality of status and of opportunity and promotes fraternity among individuals assuring them dignity along with unity and integrity of the nation.”[1]

The first ‘Constitution Day’ celebrated in 2015 was a tribute to Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the first Law Minister in independent India who was also responsible for contributing, to great lengths, in drafting the Constitution. This day was special to celebrate the 125th birth anniversary of the leader who presided the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and played a significant role in carving out the provisions enshrined in the Constitution. Since then, this day is celebrated proudly by the citizens of India. However, it is not declared as a public holiday by the Government yet.

[1] Preamble to the Constitution of India.

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